Brioni Agreement

The agreement was prepared at the EC Council of Ministers on 5 July in The Hague. [9] It consisted of a joint declaration and two annexes describing the creation of an environment conducive to the continuation of political negotiations and directions for an observation mission in Yugoslavia. [10] The agreement known as the Brioni Declaration or the Brioni Agreement[11] required the JNA and the TDS to return to their bases and stipulated that Slovenian officials should control Slovenia`s borders alone and that Slovenia and Croatia should suspend all activities of their declarations of independence for three months. [12] The observation mission under the Brioni Agreement was carried out as a European Community Observation Mission (ECMM), responsible for overseeing the withdrawal of the JNA and TDS in Slovenia[11] and finally withdrawing the JNA from Slovenia. [13] The agreement ended hostilities between Yugoslav and Slovenian forces during the ten-day war. Slovenia and Croatia have agreed to suspend the activities of their declarations of independence on 25 June for a period of three months. The document also resolved issues relating to border controls and customs controls with regard to Slovenia`s borders, reseed responsibility for air traffic control and ordered the exchange of prisoners of war. The Brioni agreement also served as the basis for an observation mission to oversee the implementation of the agreement in Slovenia. Eleven days after the agreement, the federal government withdrew the JNA from Slovenia. Conversely, the agreement did not have a mitigating effect on the fighting in Croatia. Although little agreement was reached and the agreement was subsequently interpreted differently by its signatories, the Brioni agreement justified the EC`s interest in the region and the first EC CONFERENCE on Yugoslavia was held on 10 July in The Hague. [13] The ECMM helped to calm several impasses around the military barracks in Slovenia and facilitated negotiations between the Slovenian authorities and the JNA on the withdrawal of the JNA from Slovenia. [11] In Croatia, the armed struggle continued and the JNA shot at the town of Osijek on the evening of the signing of the agreement.

[13] On 18 July, the Bundesprasidialamt ordered the total withdrawal of the JNA from Slovenia in response to legal action in Slovenia in violation of the Brioni agreement. [14] The ecMM`s work volume was extended to Croatia on 1 September. [15] In mid-September, the war intensified when the Croatian National Guard and police blocked the JNA barracks and the JNA launched a campaign against Croatian forces. [16] The brioni agreement (Croatian: Brijunska deklaracija, Serbian: Brionska deklaracija, Slovenian: Brionska deklaracija) is a document signed on 7 July 1991 by representatives of Slovenia, Croatia and Yugoslavia, under the aegis of the European Community (EC) in the Brijuni Islands.