1984 Sino-British Agreement On Hong Kong

The British government`s response to the recent protests in Hong Kong drew attention to the 1984 joint declaration between China and Great Britain. This backgrounder examines what the explanation is and its status. In the ensuing discussions, in which the Governor of Hong Kong participated in each round of formal talks as a member of the British delegation, it became clear that the continuation of the British government after 1997 would not be acceptable to China. [7] The Chinese government has always considered that the whole of Hong Kong should be a Chinese territory, since it is acquired because of the inequality of historical contracts. [8] As a result, both parties discussed possible measures in addition to the british government`s pursuit and considered the concept of Hong Kong as a special administrative region of the PRC. In April 1984, the two sides concluded the first discussion on these issues, arranging for Hong Kong to maintain a “high” degree of autonomy under Chinese sovereignty, while maintaining Hong Kong`s well-maintained lifestyle. [7] Until 18 September 1984, both parties had approved the English and Chinese texts of the documents and the exchange of memorandums. “Two Systems” refers to an agreement that would benefit Hong Kong from a “high degree of autonomy” with its social and economic systems and lifestyle unchanged for 50 years, from 1997 to 2047. The Sino-British Joint Declaration is a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and China on Hong Kong under Chinese sovereignty. [1] The declaration signed in Beijing on 19 December 1984[2] establishes the Hong Kong Sovereign and Administrative Agreement after 1 July 1997, when the Lease of the New Territories was to expire under the Hong Kong Territory Extension Agreement. This group was a connection organ, not a power organ, where each party could send up to 20 support coworkers. It is expected to meet at least once a year at each of the three sites (Beijing, London and Hong Kong). It was established in Hong Kong on July 1, 1988.

It should also help HKSAR maintain and develop economic and cultural relations and conclude agreements on these issues with the relevant states, regions and international organisations, and could therefore create specific sub-groups. Between 1985 and 2000, the Joint Liaison Group held 47 plenary sessions, 18 in Hong Kong, 15 in London and 14 in Beijing. The G7 reaffirms the existence and importance of the 1984 Joint Declaration on Hong Kong and calls for the prevention of violence. Some political analysts felt that an agreement was urgently needed, as there were fears that Hong Kong`s economy would collapse untreated in the 1980s. Concerns about land ownership in the new leased territories also contributed to the problem. Although discussions on Hong Kong`s future began in the late 1970s, the final date of the joint declaration was influenced by factual and economic factors rather than geopolitical imperatives. [9] The joint statement between the Sino-British Declaration consists of eight paragraphs, three annexes on basic policies for Hong Kong, the Sino-British Joint Liaison Group and the Land Leases, as well as the two memorandums of both parties.